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Archive for the ‘Field Gourmet’ Category

KiwiDude Reviews the German Typ III EPa

Tuesday, August 19th, 2014

In this rather lengthy review of the German military’s issue 24-hour ration, the EinmannPackung or EPa, KiwiDude butchers the German language but has a pretty good time going through the various components. I’ve had EPas over the years and I can say that they make for a great break from the standard MRE lineup.

Check out his other videos. He looks at some very cool international combat rations.

www.youtube.com/user/KiwiDudeMRE

Blade Show 2014 – Reaper Outdoors

Saturday, June 7th, 2014

This is the new hot sauce from Reaper Outdoors, produced by Lendy’s in Va Beach. Lendy’s is a local favorite for wings and on any given day you’ll find a cast of various characters bellied up to the bar.

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“Reap Your Rewards with Reaper Hot Sauce,” said Ron Bellan who went on to add that it, “should be in every survival kit.” It’s already so popular back home that they are selling it in bulk.

www.ReaperOutdoors.com

OR – PowerPot

Monday, March 10th, 2014

I’ve mentioned PowerPot a couple of times in the past and at this past OR Winter Market they showed their new PowerPot X which offers twice the power of its predecessor the PowerPot V. This means you can charge two smartphones or one tablet (10w and up to 2a) via 2 USB ports, in a package that weighs in beginning at 20oz depending on whether you use the regular 2.4l or XL 3.8l model.

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The concept is simple. You use the PowerPot to cook and the device converts heat into power which can be used directly or stored in a battery.

www.thepowerpot.com/power-pot-x

McNett – Back Country Nutrition

Sunday, March 9th, 2014

Backcountry Nutrition

What’s necessary for extended hikes and scouting:

• Endurance
• Strength
• Speed
• Mental Clarity
• Dexterity

All of which are affected by nutrition.

When any of the above are impacted, you can quickly turn into a liability for the rest of your group. That said, keeping our body in proper working order and maintaining our speed, strength, endurance, mental clarity and dexterity are essential, which means maintaining proper backcountry nutrition is extremely important.

Caloric Needs
An average person on an average day burns around 2500 calories. A backpacker carrying 50 pounds for 6 hours over level terrain may burn 4000 to 5000 calories. Add elevation gain and a few more hours and the count raises to 6000 to 8000 calories.

A calorie is simply the amount of energy that foods will produce in the human body. The calories in our food come from three sources: carbohydrates/sugars, proteins and fats. Carbohydrates and proteins provide us with 4 calories per gram. Fats provide us with 9 calories per gram. While fats are much more energy-rich, than carbohydrates or proteins it does not mean that we should only consume fats as we will find out below.

Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates are our main source of fuel for energy in the backcountry. Our ability to sustain vigorous activity/exercise is directly related to carbohydrate stores. Many times, when sprinting, climbing or strength training, carbohydrates will contribute to 100 percent of energy needs.

Carbohydrates are stored in the body as glycogen. Each gram of carbohydrate is stored with 3 grams of water, which means we can only store so much. Glycogen is typically stored in the muscles where it is used for muscular activity (i.e., endurance and/or high intensity activity) and in the liver to maintain glucose levels for the brain. The brain does not store glycogen and relies on these stores in the liver for its fuel source. Basically what happens is, after you eat, enzymes in your digestive system begin to break down the carbohydrates and create glucose.

The body will use some of the glucose produced to fuel its cells and body systems by transporting it through the bloodstream (approximately 120 Calories of glucose are available within the bloodstream at any given time).
As the amount of glucose in your blood begins to rise, insulin is released and directs the cells in your body to remove excess glucose from the bloodstream and store them in your muscles and liver. As it’s being transported to the liver and muscle tissues, glucose molecules bond to one another to create glycogen. Think of glycogen as back-up energy for when our body needs it. Your muscles can store about 1400 calories and the liver can store about 400 calories. Endurance training increases glycogen storage capacity. That said, a little bit of endurance training will certainly help with glycogen storage and will give you added back-up energy storage.

On average the body stores enough glycogen to fuel moderate effort for 90-minutes in a trained individual. However, increased workout intensity can deplete oxygen in as little as 30-minutes.Which is important to note since carbohydrates contribute to a majority of our energy needs. The greater the intensity of exercise and heart rate, the more carbohydrates burned. Remember, these carbohydrates are the primary fuel for high intensity activities as well as proper brain function.

Carbohydrates not only fuel exercise and brain function, but they are also essential for maintaining body temperature in the cold and for shivering. Low levels of carbohydrates impair thermoregulation and increase the risk of hypothermia.

The goal is to eat frequently and to avoid dips in blood glucose levels. We digest and absorb, on average, 1 ounce of carbohydrate every minute. That said, we need about 60 grams of carbohydrates (240 Calories) per hour, which means that ideally you will fuel up every 15 minutes with about 15 grams (60 Calories) of carbohydrates.

Once depleted, the body turns to our fat reserves for energy.

However, if carbohydrate storage sites are filled to capacity the body will begin to burn more glucose rather than fat as a last resort. And if glucose continues to enter the bloodstream, fat cells will then start the process of storing energy and you start the process of getting fatter!
In addition, the brain runs exclusively off of carbohydrates, which means carbohydrates are essential for proper brain function and mental clarity.

Fats
Muscles require a mix of carbohydrates and fats for energy. Carbohydrates burn off fairly quick and need to be replenished constantly, while fats (a more concentrated energy source) burn slow and continuous maintaining a slow, constant flow of energy.

There are two types of fats: saturated and unsaturated. Saturated fats are usually preferred in the backcountry because they tend to be solid and tend not to go rancid. However, saturated fats do not travel as well through the vascular system and are typically associated with higher levels of cholesterol. They are easier to carry into the backcountry and less likely to go rancid, but they are typically associated with higher levels of cholesterol and should be consumed in limited quantities.

Either way, the body needs fat. It’s a major energy source, helps you absorb certain vitamins and hormones are also synthesized from fat, so it is a very important source of nutrition.

Fat requires oxygen in order to breakdown properly, which should be taken into consideration at higher altitudes that are more oxygen deprived. At higher altitudes you may want to have a greater reliance on carbohydrates.

Fat does not metabolize as quickly as carbohydrates so during high intensity workouts the body can’t keep up, resulting in fatigue, weakness, and mental confusion. This is typically called hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).

Fat is our endurance energy, and carbohydrates are for short-term power. A bi-product of the digestion process is the generation of heat. As your body breaks down and digests fats, heat is created. That said, it’s a good idea to consume a food or beverage high in fat before bedding down for the night in cold environments. Add butter to hot chocolate before going to sleep to help stay warm at night.

Endurance athletes are good at burning fat as fuel over a long period (well-developed fat metabolism) of time allowing them to rely less on carbohydrates, however, carbohydrates are still essential for and remain the primary energy source for muscle contraction.

Fat should contribute to 25 percent of core calories. Carbohydrates should contribute to 65 percent. Proteins should contribute to 10 percent.
While Protein does Provide Calories, its Primary Function is for growth, maintenance and repair of muscles, bones, organs, hair and nails. This is why protein needs are far less than fats and carbohydrates.

Vitamins and Minerals
6 types of nutrients in foods: carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals and water. Only carbohydrates, fats and proteins can provide energy/calories. Vitamins, minerals and water provide no calories but they are essential in our ability to use the calories.

Vitamins and Minerals are essential for the breakdown of carbohydrates and fats. We eat foods. Next, the food is converted into chemical energy within our muscle cells with the help of vitamins and minerals and then transformed into mechanical energy for the physical exercise.

In the Nutritional World:

Energy = Calories
Unprocessed foods = good
Processed foods = bad

Why: Nutrient destruction happens to all fruits and vegetables that are not freshly prepared. Excessive heating and cooling processes, which are required in order to give processed foods extended shelf lives, greatly diminishes nutrients. Blanching vegetables before they are packaged causes water-soluble vitamins like vitamin B to fall out. Milling grains for breads causes the husk to fall off, which stores most of the valuable nutrients, etc. etc. Trans-fats, sodium and nitrates are also typically added to processed foods to boost flavor and increase shelf life.

Food Groups
The food groups (2-3 servings from each group is ideal):

Dairy: Milk (cup), yogurt, cheese (1 oz), cottage cheese

Vegetables: Fresh at home, dehydrated in the backcountry, salsa

Whole Grains/Starch: Whole grain bread and cereal, brown rice, potato, pasta, corn, tortillas

Protein: meat, chicken, turkey, eggs, fish, beans, peas, lentils (1 oz. of meat or fish and each half cup of legumes = 8 grams of protein)

Fruit: fresh or frozen at home; dehydrated in the backcountry

Fat: Unsaturated ideal: olive oil, canola oil, seeds, olives, avocado, nuts

We’d love to hear what you’re bringing into the backcountry…

This post is brought to you by McNett. McNett offers products for maintaining, repairing, and waterproofing gear and clothing, and water purification, as well as microfiber towels and tactical products including lens cleaner and anti-fog, survival products, and Camo Form camouflage wrap.

www.mcnett.com

Field Gourmet – Dutch Oven Biscuits

Thursday, December 19th, 2013

One thing I can say about Scouts is that I learned how to cook over an open fire. Here is a recipe for Dutch Oven biscuits from the 1967 BSA Field Book.

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The Best Black Friday Sale Ad Ever!

Wednesday, November 27th, 2013

If you don’t know about Skratch Labs you should.

Lifesaver Jerrycans

Sunday, August 11th, 2013

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The Lifesaver Jerrycan is capable of holding up to 18.5 liters of water at a time, and can produce up to 10,000 liters of water through the life of the device. The Jerrycan uses an activated carbon filter that reduces a broad spectrum of chemical residues and contaminates; a single filter lasts for 500 liters. Lifesaver’s own FAILSAFE technology deliberately increases the number of pumps required to induce water flow as the device reaches the end of its filtration capacity, and makes it impossible to flow water when the cartridge needs replacing. The Jerrycan also features a flow rate of 3 liters per minute and can be used with an optional shower attachment which plugs on and off in seconds. A 20,000 liter variant is also available.

www.lifesaversystems.com/lifesaver-products/lifesaver-jerrycan

The Grub Hub

Wednesday, August 7th, 2013

Saw this at Outdoor Retailer.

The Grub hub

The Grub Hub is a portable outdoor kitchen that converts from a backpack to its full size in only 3 minutes. It features an all-aluminum frame with nine square feet of table space, extendable aluminum stove support, weather proof surfaces, and tower supports for lighting and water. The main organizing space has over 4200 cubic inches of storage with adjustable shelves. The sink is collapsible and the Grub Hub comes with two dry air bags for dishes. Additional features include a spatula rack, weather resistant towel holder, and stakes for anchoring.

www.grubhubusa.com/

Outdoor Retailer – Stanley

Friday, August 2nd, 2013

Stanley doesn’t want us to show you any of their new products. In fact, they were pretty rude about the whole thing.

www.stanley.com

Outdoor Retailer – Pat’s Backcountry Beer

Wednesday, July 31st, 2013

Sure, it’s still only day 1 of OR but I’ve got to say that this is the most innovative product I’ve seen so far this year. Think of it…instant beer. Instant, carbonated beer, no less. Pat’s Backcountry Beer comes in a foil packet and its a simple process of adding water, carbonating the mixture and then stepping back and enjoying a glass of beer. The first two beers to hit the scene in September are the Pale Ale and Black IPA with many more to follow. I tried the Pale Ale. It looks like beer, smells like beer and tastes like beer. It’s beer! From a foil packet.

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If there is any limiting factor, it is in my opinion that you have to use their carbonator bottle. This is because it is a pressure vessel with a round bottom like the old 2 lt soda bottles. You can attach a standard water filter to the top, but you can’t screw one of their eco2 Activator lids to a standard Nalgene bottle. Not a big deal, but its something to know.

In addition to the beer, they also make several instant sodas including Root Beer, Ginger Ale, Lemon Lime, Pomegranate and Cola.

www.patsbcb.com