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Archive for the ‘Training’ Category

CTT Solutions – Cover, Concealment and Vehicles

Sunday, April 16th, 2017

When the topic of gunfighting, and fighting around vehicles in particular, comes up, there are a few guys I listen to. One of them is Mike Pannone of CTT Solutions. There’s a lot of bad info out. Here, Mike reminds us of the basics in order to counter some of it.

I think this needs to be readdressed with all the “vehicles is all about shooting through the glass and shooting from the front seat” crap. Vehicle fighting is about tactics and angles.

Cover, Concealment and Vehicles


It is important to have common definitions of common terms or further debate is senseless. Below are the definitions for cover and concealment taken from FM 21-75 COMBAT SKILLS OF THE SOLDIER:
“COVER- Cover gives protection from bullets, fragments of exploding rounds, flame, nuclear effects, and biological and chemical agents.
CONCEALMENT-Concealment is anything that hides you from enemy observation. Concealment does not protect you from enemy fire”
Below are generally accepted definitions-
Obstacle- any item or thing that blocks one’s way or prevents or hinders progress
Terrain- the physical features of a tract of land
Vehicle- A device or structure for transporting persons or things; a conveyance
***From a tactical perspective this is only true when it is moving. If static, a vehicle is an Obstacle and can be either Cover or Concealment. ***
From RTC 350-1XX (Ranger Regimental Training Circular) at the unclassified level.
Close Quarters Battle (CQB)- As per 75th Ranger Regiment “Close Quarter Battle is a planned or well-rehearsed surgical small unit tactic, technique and procedure which encompasses the 4 principles of surprise, speed, violence of action and a fail-safe breech on a built up or enclosed structure.” This is separate and different from a vehicle ambush where the vehicle once stopped is dealt with tactically no differently than other terrain.
The concept of a vehicle as some special item is often misplaced. From a tactical perspective it is only a vehicle when it is moving. When static it is part of the terrain and may offer cover, concealment or just function as an obstacle. Overwhelmingly in engagements around vehicles the best option is to move from it. A non-armored vehicle affords different and inconsistent levels of ballistic protection based on the angles of engagement and the weapons system being employed against them. Since a vehicle sits off the ground, aside from upward or downward sloping terrain, high curbs or other manmade features on the threat side, they do not protect the feet and lower legs. Injuries to the lower extremities will cause what the military calls a “mobility kill”. Once mobility is lost the likelihood of success is slim without outside intervention. The experienced combatant i.e. military member, LEO or trained citizen for that matter must understand that a vehicle, except in the narrowest of circumstances does not afford cover as defined. There is no such thing as “pretty good cover” or “partial cover” there is “cover” or what I will call enhanced concealment which means you can hide behind it but it may or may not stop incoming fire reliably. If it cannot definitively stop bullets, then by definition it is not cover… that’s just a fact. With that established, anything between you and the threat is better than nothing, so I am not saying a vehicle can’t protect you in some ways. What I am saying is that a vehicle should not be viewed overwhelmingly as cover nor as some special item in the scope of tactical considerations. Another topic I hear talk about is the idea that glass can be cover in some instances. If we teach people to shoot out through glass at threats, then I think that neuters the argument right there. The concept of pillars being points of cover is patently false as well since one cannot claim that pillars though they may afford a level of enhanced ballistic protection will keep you from being shot. They are too narrow and are surrounded by either glass or open air if the windows are down or have been shot out. If you can’t hide your entire body behind it, then it’s not cover. Outside of luck and bad threat marksmanship, hiding behind a 3”-9” wide pillar for any length of time will likely leave you injured or dead in a combative engagement. For those that shoot pillars and say “see, it stopped x or y round” here is my 2 cents; bullets generally don’t come at you in ones and twos but by the magazine. There is not enough area covered by a pillar to make it worth loitering behind as though it is genuinely safer.
From the tactical perspective there are 6 principles I adhere to in open air engagements around vehicles. These should be common sense:
A vehicle is terrain unless it is moving, then it’s a vehicle again.
Fighting around vehicles is outdoor fighting and uses standard basic infantry tactical principles. THIS IS TRUE NO MATTER WHO SIGNS YOUR PAYCHECK, WHAT UNIFORM YOU WEAR OR WHERE YOU ARE i.e. RAMMADI IRAQ OR RICHMOND VIRGINIA. This is too often conflated with Close Quarters Battle (CQB) which is a more refined form of fighting “on a built up or enclosed structure”. It requires much more training, specialized equipment and detailed rehearsals when possible.
Anything is better than nothing but very little on a soft vehicle is cover.
Use every bit of ballistic protection that the vehicle may offer but don’t assume it is cover.
Keep the biggest chunk of metal you can between you and the threat as long as you can and be looking for the next best piece of terrain. As the threat moves you move keeping the vehicle as close to directly between you as makes tactical sense.
Move as soon as you can, move before you get pinned in a spot from which you can’t move.
That’s why the second of the first three steps of the SOF targeting methodology F3EAD is (Find) Fix and is followed by Finish. If you fix someone in place, then the finishing part is only a matter of time. If you were attacked in a certain spot more than likely it’s for the distinct advantage of the attacker. By moving and changing the angles you are disrupting the plan and can regain the initiative. If it is chance contact and you are losing the initiative, again the best course of action is to change the angles on the threat to regain it.
Don’t fight from the ground unless it is the last option you have. It is too easy to lose track of an adversary and across the hood or around a car it’s really just “who gets seen first gets shot first”. If an adversary rushes the vehicle you will not be able to counter his actions in a timely manner while trying to get up. Know how to do it but understand that fighting from the ground is a last resort.
A vehicle that is not in motion is terrain and should be treated as an obstacle with enhanced concealment that provides an unpredictable level of ballistic protection. The best course of action is to immediately return the best suppressive fire you can to blunt the attack and then move as soon as is tactically prudent to regroup and counter-attack or withdraw. Changing the angles changes their plan and changes the fight.
– Mike Pannone

Mil-Spec Monkey Presents: “Magpul M-LOK Tutorial – Basics and First Time Setup”

Saturday, April 15th, 2017

Mil-Spec Monkey created this how-to video for first-time M-Lok users.

USAF Standing Up MFF Parachutist Course For Battlefield Airmen

Thursday, April 13th, 2017


(USAF photo by Capt Jessica Tait)

Despite a couple of delays, the US Air Force is closing in on standing up a Military Free Fall Parachutist qualification course for its Battlefield Airmen. Like the US Navy’s course, it will be run by contractors, and the curriculum will be certified by USSOCOM and USASOC as well as AETC. Unlike the USN course, students will not earn their Static Line parachutist qualification, but will already be graduates of the Ft Benning course upon attendence of the AF MFF course. Students will meet all of the standards of the Army MFF course, but it will be conducted at a contractor facility, utilizing contract aircraft.

MFF training is an initial skills course that provides academic, ground, vertical wind tunnel/simulation, and military freefall training to first time jumpers that meets United States Special Operations Command/United States Army Special Operations Command (USSOCOM/USASOC) curriculum requirements.

Sister service parachute training has been stood up due to limited availability of course quotas for the Army MFF course. The Navy has been using a contractor run course for over a decade and added S/L training to their parachutist course because the Ft Benning curriculum lasts three weeks. While NSW primarily conducts MFF parachute ops, they certify their students in S/L procedures within the first few days of their training course.

Final contractor proposals are due on 2 May, 2017. Hopefully, we’ll see a pilot course before the end of the fiscal year.

LEO Survival Story Using No Lies Blade Techniques

Tuesday, April 11th, 2017

Recently we published a Whiskey5 article on NLB Tactical. Understandably, some readers were skeptical as few people outside of a relatively small circle have heard of this company. But, they’ve been training the Detroit Police, as well as others, for years, so when I saw this testimonial, I thought it was worth a share.

This is amazing story of officer survival from an EDP Emotionally Disturbed Person call. Please read and share! This story will have you on the edge of your seat and very proud of those who serve us.

To : Whom it may concern
From: Police Officer Edward A. Pawlowski III
Detroit Police Department

While attending the Detroit Police Academy in 2016, I received a knife defense class designed by NLB Tactical / No Lie Blades. Little did I know that within a year of this class, I would use what I learned to save not only my life, but the life of one of my fellow officers…

The class itself was very easy to pick up. It taught various ways a knife can be used against you, and several easy movements to defend each attack. The class also had a realistic set of scenarios of surprise knife attacks by academy staff, headed by Corporal Hunt of the Detroit Police Department, that helped the class apply the techniques to real life situations. Now on to where it helped me…

Shortly after the New Year in 2017, I was dispatched to a run on the south end of the 10th precinct in Detroit. The only details we had on the run was that we had a suicidal female who kicked her roommate out and she was threatening to blow up her house. Once we arrived on scene, I made contact with the female from the porch of her residence, because she had barricaded herself inside of her house. I advised her multiple times that we just wanted to get her some help and we were not there to hurt her. She began screaming that the only way we’d get her to a hospital was to “shoot her in the head and drag her out of the house dead”. Multiple back-up units arrived.

Once more officers were on the porch, the door began to open slightly and officers slowly approached the open door. The woman then lunged out the door, stopped only by her own barricade and swung a pair of open scissors at another officer, just missing his face. At that point another officer tried getting into a window behind her, and she came running to that window, swinging the scissors at the other officer, just missing his midsection. Pepper spray was used multiple times, with no effect on her.

Finally, officers were able to distract her long enough at the door, that my partner was able to enter the house and grab onto the woman. I entered next, just in time to see the woman attempting to stab my partner in his back with the scissors. The training from my class just kicked in without thought. I was able to approach the two struggling, deflect the arm of the female away without getting cut and without my partner getting stabbed. We were then able to get the female to the ground, pin her arm down, get her to drop the knife, and get her into handcuffs with no injuries to her or the officers involved.

During that situation, I was able to just act without thinking and defuse the situation, without having to resort to deadly force and without anyone getting hurt. And I have the training I received to thank for that. With just the short, one day of training I received designed by NLB Tactical / No Lie Blades, defending that knife attack was almost like an instinct for me. I wish I was able to get more training designed by them, because I can only imagine how many other situations they can better prepare me for.

So, I would like to say thank you to NLB Tactical / No Lie Blades for the training course they designed. For not only preparing me for the altercation, but for saving my life and the life of my partner that day. And I look forward to the day another round of their training makes it to my area, because I will be first in line to receive it.

Sincerely,
Police Officer Edward A. Pawlowski III
Detroit Police Department

NLB Tactical can be found online at
Websites nlbtactical.com
Websites nolieblades.com
Facebook www.facebook.com/nolieblades
Phone 610.442.5539
email info@nolieblades.com
You can also acquire NLB training services on GSA through their Prime vendor partnership with MJL-Enterprises at www.mjl-enterprises.com/tactical-training.

SureFire Field Notes Ep. 9 – Trigger Control with Robert Vogel

Thursday, March 30th, 2017

SureFire Field Notes is a multi-segment informational video series with tips and techniques from subject matter experts of all backgrounds. In this episode, Robert Vogel of Vogel Dynamics discusses trigger control and the importance of proper dry fire.

Robert Vogel is a professional marksman, competition shooter, and National/World champion. He is the only Law Enforcement Officer ever to win World and National Championships in the Practical Pistol Disciplines of IPSC, IDPA and USPSA.

www.vogeldynamics.com

www.surefire.com

Ft Bragg Warfighter Expo – LBT 6094 Weight Training Vest

Thursday, March 16th, 2017

For years, folks have been purchasing LBT 6094 Plate Carriers and placing weight plates in the hard armor plate pockets for physical conditioning. Obviously, this results in shifting and isn’t the best solution. That’s why LBT came up with this training vest.

Based on the popular 6094, it is made from four-way stretch. The strap system accommodates the 5-25 lbs plates you find in your gym, with straps front and back rather than some special plate or worse yet, your issue plates.

www.lbtinc.com

Warrior West To Feature Free Training Classes

Wednesday, March 15th, 2017

I’ve always enjoyed the Warrior Expos, but the thing they’ve been missing is hands on training which attendees can take back to their jobs. This year, in addition to showcasing the latest gear, Warrior West will kick it up a notch by introducing “Training Never Stops!”  This series features use of force and leadership training sessions by Progressive F.O.R.C.E. Concepts along with medical continuing education by JTM Training Group. There is also a seminar on the transition to civilian life from the military, presented by The Honor Group.


Here is an example of the types of training being offered at Warrior West, April 19th & 20th, in San Diego, California.

Surviving Active Violence Events (SAVE)

With the increase in workplace violence, school shootings, and domestic terrorism across our nation,PFC created a course designed for participants to learn how to assess, react to, and survive rapidly unfolding active violence events.

To learn more about the various classes, check out the ADS Warrior Wednesday entry at adsinc.com/warrior-expo/warrior-expo-west-training

Rezlo – Euclid Running Shorts

Monday, March 13th, 2017

If you’re looking for a pair of running shorts that were actually designed for running, check out the Euclid, from Rezlo. They are made from 93% Polyester and 7% Elastane.

This image gives you an idea of the fit of the 4.5″ inseam.

However, be aware of the reflective iconography on the shorts.

The Euclid is offered in Sand (seen here and a decent match to Coyote), Charcoal (Black) and Eggshell (Tan).

rezlo.co/product/euclid-shorts

Special Forces Basic Combat Course – Support

Sunday, March 12th, 2017

The Utah Army National Guard runs a two-week course for 19th Special Forces Group’s support troops called the Special Forces Basic Combat Course – Support (SFBCC-S). Other, similar courses have sprung up for other SOF Enablers since the war began.  However, I don’t of any others that are firing mortars. 

Whiskey 5: NLB Tactical

Friday, March 10th, 2017

Whiskey 5 is a recurring Soldier Systems Daily feature that asks “Who, What, Where, When, and Why” of industry leaders, manufacturers and instructors — to let you hear how they describe themselves. It’s intended to give you a close and thorough look at some of the people that make our industry unique. We’ve found these basic 5 questions to be the basic keys to understanding. Past Whiskey-5s have included business from Provengo to Kryptek, and all sorts of other companies in between.

Today we’ll be sharing an overview of Virginia Beach’s, NLB Tactical formerly No Lie Blades.

WHO
NLB Tactical is a training company located in Virginia Beach, operating MTU’s in the United States and Europe. It is run by Hank Hayes, a veteran close protection specialist, senior Mil-L/E combative instructor and the inventor of the No Lie Blades feedback training knife. Hayes’ experience alone would make NLB worth looking into, but NLB’s instructor staff makes it that much more (the go to solution) enticing. NLB is made up of literally 100’s of years of superior tactical and field combat skills with over 51 instructors world-wide with instructors in the United Kingdom, Canada and Germany with the bulk of the MIL-L/E instructors on the east coast and mid-west states. NLB, also formerly known as No Lie Blades, manufactures various feedback training knives and offers a host of unique courses available on the United States government GSA products and services schedules. Additionally, NLB has more letters of recommendation on government letterhead than its 5 industry competitors combined.

WHAT
NLB is one of the best solutions for edged weapons combat simply because they provide an immediate feedback tool that no other US government training provider offers. From the first days of NLB it was clear they were onto something with their very direct, straight-forward, and highly effective fighting system. Its methodology is rooted in violence of action, shutting down threats and uses HVT (High Value Target) striking, pinching, biting, gouging, ripping and tearing to name a few of the neutralization tactics.

Operators have found that with these proven methods that work for dealing with an edged weapon threat those exact same tactics and methods will work for dealing with blunt or impact weapons and also in dealing with empty hand subjects. Departments and agencies saw that NLB could handle several of their needs and started asking for more training from us. Currently NLB offers combat solutions in the follow areas.
Edged Weapons Tactical Training
Impact Weapons Training
Instinctive Reactive Firearms Training
Dynamic Transitional Fighting from Weapons to Empty Hand, etc.
Active Shooter Response Training

NLB’s transitional fighting course is something virtually no other organization provides. This is where the student transitions from one weapons system or empty hand to another weapons system up and down the force continuum. The root of the NLB system translates directly to impact weapons, empty hands fighting and direct access to firearms weapons over the shoulder or on the belt line.

WHEN
The NLB company story is an interesting one. Like most inventions they are either made from frustration, necessity, mistakes or creativity. NLB’s was a little bit of everything. After an edged weapons training session with some instructors from Quantico in 1997 and a large dose of frustration Mr. Hayes felt the strong need for a training knife that could provide immediate feedback just like a simunitions training ammo round. He needed evidence to show what was working and what wasn’t. Many claimed that their techniques worked when they clearly didn’t, but proving this was a challenge short of an actual knife encounter.

Later he started doodling on a napkin and after a few months and lot of help he had a prototype marking training knife. So as you often hear the rest was history. In 1998 NLB was open for business and within a year the US government approached to purchase the product which is how NLB became a US government contractor. About 2 years after that NLB received another call from the government stating they had a problem. They said the tool does exactly what it says it’s going to do and that their men have found their fighting programs had major holes now that the training knife revealed all their tactical knife fighting flaws. They wanted to know if we had a training program, they needed help. It was in those moments the training side of our company was born.

WHERE
NLB Tactical is based in Virginia Beach, Va minutes from Dam Neck Military Base, Naval Air Station Oceana and close to the other 25 Military bases in Virginia Beach and neighboring states. NLB operates as an MTU (Mobile Training Unit) or MTT (Mobile Training Team) dispatch team. Although NLB administrative offices are located in Virginia Beach and have small teams and senior instructors ready to be active as needed for any training operation in the US, Canada and Europe.

WHY
There is an overarching reason and 3 key things to point out. The main reason why is that the Military and especially the Law Enforcement communities make it so hard to get good, solid training. The standards are often set so low to meet the skills of some complaining pansy who went and got the minimum skills requirements lowered even more. When US lives are being lost at the rates that they are and with easily 50% of those deaths avoidable with proper skills adjustments, something MUST BE DONE! NLB takes on that responsibility to do something about those skills that are needed.

The components that make NLB a must hire solution are 3 key things. First is the marking feedback training knife. NLB is the inventor of the marking blades technology and are so far in front of others when it comes to training with this immediate feedback it makes them the most knowledgeable and the leaders in the knife fighting arena. It has been said that NLB would have to be really stupid to profess they have a tactical edged weapons solution without it being outstanding as the marking blade reveals everything with each mark representing injury/blood loss.

Second, NLB is world known for being very direct, straight-forward and highly effective. It’s methodology is rooted in violence of action, shutting down threats and uses HVT (High Value Target) striking, pinching, biting, gouging, ripping and tearing to name a few of the neutralization tactics.

Thirdly, NLB ownership is highly focused on serving departments, agencies and commands with the absolute best people and service in the industry. Mr. Hayes has been said to be fanatical about the people that come on board with NLB and demands their best. Mr. Hayes says the A game is the only game accepted.

NLB Tactical can be found online at
Websites nlbtactical.com
Websites nolieblades.com
Facebook www.facebook.com/nolieblades
Phone 610.442.5539
email info@nolieblades.com
You can also acquire NLB training services on GSA through their Prime vendor partnership with MJL-Enterprises at www.mjl-enterprises.com/tactical-training.