Primary Arms

Archive for the ‘CBRNE’ Category

The Dual Nations App for HAZMAT & CBRNe Professionals

Wednesday, September 2nd, 2020



Hazmat Incidents typically comprise unplanned, smaller scale accidental and non-weaponized events, whereas CBRNe missions respond to the deliberate use of warfare agents often within the context of planned operations, in a pre-determined battle-space.


Crossover occurs in many areas; same vendors, use of equipment, methods of response, detection, decontamination and of course in a terrorist incident – mutual aid post a domestic attack scenario. It makes absolute sense then that operators, professionals, commercial organizations and interested parties share and learn from each other with this command bond and understanding.

Defense Equipment Company is proud to affiliate with the hugely successful Hazmat Nation is now joining forces with the new CBRNe Nation to provide DUAL nationality to the two disciplines! Dual nationals owe allegiance to two Nations. “They are required to obey the laws of both countries, and either country has the right to enforce its laws.”ecome a Citizen of both nations – NO Passport

For more information visit:

ADS Federal Range Day 20 – CBR Multi-Purpose Wipe from M2DCON

Tuesday, August 25th, 2020

Pouches of the CBR Multi-Purpose Wipe from M2DCON were everywhere during Federal Range Day. These is a commercial equivalents to the US DoD Joint Service Equipment Wipe (JSEW/M334) were used to decon a wide variety of equipment between users. Even though the wipe is safe for personal hygiene, it has also been certified to neutralize against chemical (nerve, blister and other agents of concern) and biological (bacteria, viruses and spores) contamination.

Units and agencies can procure all products shown during ADS Federal Range Day by contacting ADS Inc.

Morphix Technologies to Virtually Exhibit at 2020 International Hazardous Materials Response Teams Experience

Tuesday, July 14th, 2020

Due to COVID19, Morphix Technologies® will be virtually displaying its TraceX® Explosive Detection Kit and Chameleon® Chemical Detection Armband at the Virtual HazMat Experience, July 14 – 16, 2020.

Virginia Beach, Va. (July 2020) – Morphix Technologies®, an innovator in the science of detection devices for dangerous chemicals, will be virtually exhibiting at the 2020 Virtual International Hazardous Materials (HazMat) Response Teams Experience, July 14 – 16, 2020. Morphix Technologies will be virtually exhibiting its TraceX® Explosive Detection Kit and its Chameleon® Chemical Detection Armband.

“COVID19 has changed the business landscape. What was originally supposed to be an in-person conference has now changed to a virtual format, which will be a first for us, but we are excited by the opportunity to still be able to present our products to attendees. The Hazmat Response Teams Conference is the premier conference in the United States for hazardous materials responders, and we’re excited to see what they do with this virtual experience. We look forward to virtually exhibiting what the TraceX and Chameleon detection devices can do to aid hazmat response teams in today’s challenging and changing environment,” commented Kimberly Chapman, vice president of sales and marketing for Morphix Technologies.

The TraceX Explosive Detection Kit is an affordable and easy-to-use product that aids in the detection of major explosive material threats and their precursors in a single test without exposing the kit to contamination or the user to dangerous chemicals. It was developed by Morphix Technologies under contract from the U.S. Department of Defense and meets their demanding requirements. It is small enough to fit in a cargo pocket, lightweight, and rugged. Each kit comes in its own disposable protective plastic case, so the handler will be ready to use it when needed and is shelf-stable for 24 months. With a single swab, the TraceX Explosive Detection Kit detects all the major families of explosive materials and their precursors.

The Chameleon Chemical Detection Armband is an easy-to-use, inexpensive, wearable, reusable armband that can hold up to 10 cassettes, each of which detects a particular toxic chemical and changes color upon detection. One-color indicates the absence of toxic gas. When two colors appear in the window, the user knows it is time to take action. Designed for use in the Arctic, tropical, and desert conditions, the Chameleon Chemical Detection Armband can even be immersed in water. Morphix Technologies has prioritized its product development based on the advice of the U.S. military and law enforcement agencies, so the Chameleon Chemical Detection Armband cassettes are available for many of the high-risk Toxic Industrial Chemicals (TICs) identified by the U.S. government. It has also been approved by the U.S. SAFETY Act of the Department of Homeland Security as an anti-terrorist technology.

The Virtual HazMat Experience allows attendees to connect with solution providers to get a comprehensive look at recent advances in the HazMat industry and discuss current product enhancements and the latest innovations. Engage in the Virtual HazMat Experience from office or home through the Live Sessions. The three-day Virtual HazMat Experience gives attendees access to all sessions, networking opportunities, solution providers, and more. Spend time in the virtual exhibit hall to engage in public and private chats with exhibitors “in their booth,” download materials, explore products, and more!

If you’d like to receive more information about our products, please contact Morphix Technologies toll-free in the US at 800-808-2234 or +1-757-431-2260 internationally. You can also email [email protected].

New Research Creates Neutralizing Sponge for Dangerous Chemicals

Tuesday, June 16th, 2020

Dr Simon Holder, Reader in Organic Chemistry at the University of Kent (UK) and Dr Barry Blight, Associate Professor of Chemistry at the University of New Brunswick (Canada), have developed a new method for containing and deactivating neurotoxic chemicals like VX and sarin.

These weapons, known as nerve agents or neurotoxins, are highly potent and fast acting. Small doses can cause rapid paralysis and death, as the chemicals disrupt the connection between the body’s nerves and muscles.

These internationally banned liquids are aerosolised purposely to inflict damage on large geographical areas and are considered to be weapons of mass destruction (WMD’s).

In a project funded by the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) of the UK Ministry of Defence, the Kent team investigated new methods of bulk decontamination of chemical weapons.

The result of the research was the “Metal-organic framework (MOF)-containing polymer sponge”.

This is a sponge developed to swell and absorb dangerous neurotoxins and make them safer to handle, which also contains the MOF chemical catalyst, created to accelerate the chemical’s breakdown, diminishing the neurotoxins into safer components.

To research this safely, researchers used substances to simulate the presence of neurotoxins without risking exposure to dangerous chemicals. Following this, Dstl tested the prototype material with the real nerve agent to confirm the effect.

 “Less than five kilograms of the MOF-containing polymer sponge can absorb, immobilize, and safely destroy a 55-gallon drum of these toxic chemicals. It is very exciting to consider the potential this has in combatting dangerous chemicals in the future,” said Dr. Holder, who is also director of research at Kent’s School of Physical Sciences.

The research paper has been published in ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces:

Swell and Destroy: A Metal–Organic Framework-Containing Polymer Sponge That Immobilizes and Catalytically Degrades Nerve Agents

Authors: Yaroslav Kalinovskyy, Alexander J. Wright, Jennifer R. Hiscock, Toby D. Watts, Rebecca L. Williams, Nicholas J. Cooper, Marcus J. Main, Simon J. Holder, Barry A. Blight

Study Shows How Microorganisms Survive in Harsh Environments

Saturday, May 9th, 2020

RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C. — In northern Chile’s Atacama Desert, one of the driest places on Earth, microorganisms are able to eke out an existence by extracting water from the rocks they colonize.

An Army-funded project by researchers at the University of California, Irvine, Johns Hopkins University and University of California, Riverside gained an in-depth understanding of the mechanisms by which some cyanobacteria, an ancient group of photosynthetic microbes, survive in harsh environments.

The new insights, published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, demonstrate how life can flourish in places without much water in evidence – including Mars – and how people living in arid regions may someday be able to procure hydration from available minerals.

“The Army has a strong interest in how microorganisms well-adapted to extreme environments can be exploited for novel applications such as material synthesis and power generation within these harsh fielded environments,” said Dr. Robert Kokoska, program manager, Army Research Office, an element of U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command’s Army Research Laboratory. “This study provides valuable clues for uncovering the evolved design strategies used by these native desert-dwelling microbes to maintain their viability in the face of multiple environmental challenges.”

Through work in the field and laboratory experiments, the research team focused on the interactions of Chroococcidiospsis, a desiccation-resistant species of cyanobacteria that is found in deserts around the world, and gypsum, a water containing calcium sulfate-based mineral. The colonizing lifeforms exist beneath a thin layer of rock that gives them a measure of protection against the Atacama’s extreme temperature, high solar irradiance and battering winds.

Co-author Jocelyne DiRuggiero, JHU associate professor of biology, traveled to the remote desert to collect gypsum samples and brought them back to her labs in the United States. She cut small pieces, where microorganisms could be found, and sent them to UCI for materials analysis.

In one of the most striking findings of the study, the researchers learned that the microorganisms change the very nature of the rock they occupy. By extracting water, they cause a phase transformation of the material – from gypsum to anhydrite, a dehydrated mineral.

According to DiRuggiero, the impetus for the published work came when Wei Huang, a UCI post-doctoral scholar in materials science & engineering, spotted data showing an overlap in concentrations of anhydrite and cyanobacteria in the gypsum samples collected in the Atacama.

“Our analysis of the regions of rock where microbes were colonized revealed a dehydrated phase of calcium sulfate, suggesting that they extract water from the rock to survive,” said David Kisailus, lead author and UCI professor of materials science & engineering. “We wanted to do some more controlled experiments to validate that hypothesis.”

DiRuggiero’s team then allowed the organisms to colonize half-millimeter cubes of rocks, called coupons, under two different conditions, one in the presence of water, to mimic a high-humidity environment, and the other completely dry. In the midst of moisture, the gypsum did not transform to the anhydrite phase.

“They didn’t need water from the rock, they got it from their surroundings,” Kisailus said. “But when they were put under stressed conditions, the microbes had no alternative but to extract water from the gypsum, inducing this phase transformation in the material.”

Kisailus’ team used a combination of advanced microscopy and spectroscopy to examine the interactions between the biological and geological counterparts, finding that the organisms bore into the material like tiny miners by excreting a biofilm containing organic acids, Kisailus said.

Huang used a modified electron microscope equipped with a Raman spectrometer to discover that the organisms used the acid to penetrate the rock in specific crystallographic directions – only along certain planes where they could more easily access water existing between faces of calcium and sulfate ions.

Kisailus said the project was a great demonstration of interdisciplinary research between microbiologists and materials scientists that may, one day, open doors to other forms of scientific discovery.

“Scientists have suspected for a long time that microorganisms might be able to extract water from minerals, but this is the first demonstration of it,” DiRuggiero said. “This is an amazing survival strategy for microorganisms living at the dry limit for life, and it provides constraints to guide our search for life elsewhere.”

Researchers said this study can benefit the Army Research Lab’s efforts in synthetic biology.

“These findings have drawn the interest of our lab as microbial survival mechanisms can be leveraged for biomanufacturing or sensing platforms in harsh military environments,” said Dr. Matthew Perisin of the lab’s biotechnology branch.

In addition to the Army, NASA also provided funding for this project.


Friday, April 10th, 2020

We’ve been talking about Ops-Core’s Special Operations Tactical Respirator for a couple of years now. While it was never intended for use in a pandemic, some have adopted it due to he lack of N95 masks for those not in the medical profession. A lot of questions have come up about the certification of the filter media. Do you slides from Ops-Core will give you some of the lowdown??.

New Owyhee COVID-19 Decontamination Solution

Thursday, April 2nd, 2020


(Eagle, ID – Owyhee Group Companies) Owyhee Group Companies announced it is partnering with Spectra Shield Technologies to supply Spectra DF-500 disinfectant to its customers during the current COVID-19 pandemic. The objective is to provide a solution that kills and neutralizes biological threats like COVID-19. The Spectra DF-500 formulation grew out of the licensing and commercialization of a high-level disinfectant developed by the US Government at Sandia National Laboratories under the name DF-200. “The mainstay of the disinfectant world has been bleach and other toxic, corrosive, non-biodegradable and hazardous products. Under most residential conditions, these products do what they report. However, in cases of biohazards and pandemics there is a need for a higher level of efficacy and permanency. The competitive difference of Spectra DF-500 and Spectra DF-200 is the spectrum of kill and the environmental benefits”, notes Spectra Shield Technologies CEO Thad Weist.

The development of Spectra DF-500 came out of the U.S. government recognition of a need to combat bioterrorism after a nerve agent was released on a Tokyo subway in 1995, killing 12 and injuring another 1,000. The goal was to develop a solution to neutralize a wide spectrum of chemical and biological threats such as Anthrax, MRSA and other viral threats, with low-corrosivity and reducing the harmful effects to the environment. Unlike traditional disinfectants, Spectra DF-500 chemically cleaves the spore wall and neutralizes the mycotoxin inside. It also changes the osmotic pressure around the cell, which causes an imbalance in the internal cellular pressure resulting in the total collapse of the cellular membrane. In 2004, Kansas State University did a study with the DF-200 formula against SARS-Coronavirus with 100% deactivation in 1 minute.

The disinfectant is avaliable from Owyhee Group Companies in two different products: Spectra DF-500 and Spectra DF-200. Spectra DF-500 is EPA registered as a Decontaminant, Disinfectant, Virucide, Bactericide, Fungicide, Deodorizer, Algaecide, Antibacterial, Mildewstat and Cleaner. The Spectra DF-200 is a 3 part solution, including an accelerator to kill and neutralize chemical and biological threats and is EPA registered.

The liquids are combined at the time of application and are good for appoximately 8 hours. Unopened, DF-500 and DF-200 can be stored for 6 to 8 years, under controlled conditions. Each can be applied as a foam or as a liquid. An application device is not included in the delivery set. In a proper application, one gallon of fluid can cover 2,500 square feet. While biodegradable, neither product should be used directly on food. Both Spectra DF-500 and DF-200 have proven to be highly effective in destroying bio-films of select microorgansim in food processing facilities. Application of either product on food contact surface requires a potable water rinse.

The products are for sale at in 4 gallon kits that will cover approximately 10,000 square feet. The product is also available in 300 gallon totes for larger applications.

Interested parties can call Owyhee Group at 208.938.6086 or email [email protected] for quotations. The company has provided a special feature page covering the products at

AirBoss Defense Group Selected by FEMA to Support the US National COVID-19 Response

Thursday, April 2nd, 2020

Delivering Powered Air Purifying Respirators and High Efficiency Filters to Federal Government

LANDOVER, MD (April 1, 2020) – AirBoss Defense Group (ADG) announced today that the U.S. Government has placed an initial order for 100,000 American-made FlexAir™ Powered Air Purifying Respirators (PAPR) and 600,000 High Efficiency Filters for urgent response to the COVID-19 pandemic. The FlexAir™ PAPR is designed to enable medical providers and first responders unencumbered protection over extended periods of time while providing critical medical care. The value of the contract is expected to be $96.4M and deliveries will begin immediately and are expected to be completed over the next 13 weeks.

The FlexAir™ PAPR System is a compact, lightweight respirator system powered by an onboard battery in a waist-mounted blower, designed and manufactured in the United States.  The flexible design permits the use of 2 High Efficiency particulate filters, providing a high level of protection against biological viruses like COVID-19.

“This is war, and President Trump is using the full force of the federal government and the full power of private enterprises like ADG to rapidly mobilize our industrial base to fight the hidden enemy of COVID-19.” said Dr. Peter Navarro, White House Director of the Office of Trade and Manufacturing Policy.  “ADG has stepped up with lightning speed, and their willingness to help meet the urgent need for powered respirators will save American lives. This crisis has shown that maintaining and supporting a strong U.S. manufacturing base is of critical importance to our nation’s economic security and national defense.”  

Patrick Callahan, CEO of AirBoss Defense Group said, “ADG is honored to apply our engineering and manufacturing capabilities towards protecting the lives of front-line medical professionals and first responders.  FlexAirÔ PAPR systems are designed to provide caregivers ultimate protection against biological threats, including COVID-19, enhancing the life-saving capabilities of our dedicated health care workers.  The entire company is completely focused on delivering these products on an accelerated timeline, to Federal, state and local authorities as well directly to frontline health care professionals. As our products are manufactured in the United States, we are prepared to quickly provide lifesaving products as the need for protective equipment evolves.”

ADG is an umbrella survivability group that provides military, law enforcement, medical providers, industrial providers and first responders with a diverse portfolio of protective equipment that spans the entire survivability spectrum. AirBoss Defense, an ADG brand, is a recognized world leader in rapid deployment negative pressure isolation shelters, medical protection equipment, and personal respiratory protective products. AirBoss Defense’s emergency response and protective equipment is utilized by the U.S. Department of State, Office of Strategic Medical Preparedness, FEMA and CDC infectious disease treatment centers.

In addition, AirBoss Defense provides protective equipment to emergency medical response teams and hospitals in over 1,500 U.S. cities, as well as over 30 countries worldwide. The company successfully responded during the MERS and Ebola outbreaks, by providing critical protective equipment to government and civilian medical customers.  The company will continue to engage in the response to the COVID-19 outbreak through the rapid delivery of domestically manufactured personal protection equipment and patient isolation systems to the medical community.

For more information, please visit