Massif

Archive for February, 2021

Study Identifies Potential Link Between Soldiers Exposed to Blasts, Alzheimer’s

Sunday, February 28th, 2021

RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C. — Research shows that Soldiers exposed to shockwaves from military explosives are at a higher risk for developing Alzheimer’s disease — even those that don’t have traumatic brain injuries from those blasts. A new Army-funded study identifies how those blasts affect the brain.

Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke in collaboration with the U.S. Army Combat Capabilities Development Command, now known as DEVCOM, the Army Research Laboratory, and the National Institutes of Health found that the mystery behind blast-induced neurological complications when traumatic damage is undetected may be rooted in distinct alterations to the tiny connections between neurons in the hippocampus, the part of the brain particularly involved in memory encoding and social behavior.

The research published in Brain Pathology, the medical journal of the International Society of Neuropathology, was funded by the lab’s Army Research Office.

“Blasts can lead to debilitating neurological and psychological damage but the underlying injury mechanisms are not well understood,” said Dr. Frederick Gregory, program manager, ARO. “Understanding the molecular pathophysiology of blast-induced brain injury and potential impacts on long-term brain health is extremely important to understand in order to protect the lifelong health and well-being of our service members.”

The research team tested slices of rat hippocampus by exposing the healthy tissue to controlled military blast waves. In the experimental brain explants (tissue slices maintained alive in culture dishes), the rapid blast waves produced by the detonated military explosives led to selective reductions in components of brain connections needed for memory, and the distinct electrical activity from those neuronal connections was sharply diminished.

The research showed that the blast-induced effects were evident among healthy neurons with subtle synaptic pathology, which may be an early indicator of Alzheimer’s-type pathogenesis occurring independent of overt brain damage.

“This finding may explain those many blast-exposed individuals returning from war zones with no detectable brain injury, but who still suffer from persistent neurological symptoms, including depression, headaches, irritability and memory problems,” said Dr. Ben Bahr, the William C. Friday distinguished professor of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry at UNC-Pembroke.

The researchers believe that the increased risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease is likely rooted in the disruption of neuronal communication instigated by blast exposures.

“Early detection of this measurable deterioration could improve diagnoses and treatment of recurring neuropsychiatric impediments, and reduce the risk of developing dementia and Alzheimer’s disease later in life,” Bahr said.

UNC-Pembroke is a minority-serving institution.

By U.S. Army DEVCOM Army Research Laboratory Public Affairs

SCUBAPRO Sunday – Carlson’s Raiders

Sunday, February 28th, 2021

It’s not hard to say that anyone who wanted to be in military Special Forces when they were a kid has watched the movie Gung Ho! So, in honor of Evans F Carlson’s Birthday on the 26th. He was one of the best leaders in military history and helped build today’s Special Forces foundation. He spends over two years in China with the guerrilla, learning unique tactics that he would bring to the U.S. to help fight the Japanese in WW2. We need more leads like this in the world.  

Evans F Carlson enlisted in the U.S. Army at the age of 16 and began his military career in 1912. He served in the Philippines, Hawaii, and Mexico, and less than a year after leaving active duty, he reenlisted in time for the Mexican punitive expedition. During his military service, he was wounded in action in France and was awarded a Purple Heart. He was promoted to Captain in May of 1917 and was made a lieutenant in December of 1917. After the war, he entered the Marine Corps as a private and gained the rank of second lieutenant the following year.

Meanwhile, in Nicaragua, he was awarded the first of three Navy Crosses. In 1940, he became an observer in China during the years leading up to World War II and was impressed with the guerrilla warfare being waged against Japanese troops. While he was in Japan, he became convinced that Japan would attack the United States.

He advised General Douglas MacArthur of an impending invasion in the Philippines and the need for guerrilla units in case the Japanese army attacked. However, MacArthur ignored his recommendation.

Carlson returned to the United States and joined the United States Army again. Carlson and Merritt Edson advocated the use of guerrilla warfare as part of the Allied Pacific War effort. After Edson was assigned the 1st Raider Battalion, Carlson received command of the 2nd Raider Battalion.

Approximately 7,000 applied for enlistment in the 2nd Raider Battalion, but many people that applied were rejected. He asked each candidate about the political significance of the war. He later said he favored men with initiative, adaptability and held democratic views. James Roosevelt, the son of Franklin D. Roosevelt, became Carlson’s assistant.

The Raiders learned the tactics employed by the Red Army against the Japanese. This practice involved learning how to kill people silently and quickly. To more effectively imitate the guerrillas of China, Carlson eliminated the privileges of officers. The same level of nutrition, wearing the same clothing, and carrying the same equipment were all factors.

Carlson’s field research into the Red Army convinced him that trust in the men in battle improved their performance and the belief in a better pollical system. So, he would provide information on how undemocratic governments are under Nazi Germany and Japan. Also, he encouraged the men to discuss their vision of a functioning society after the war.

In August of 1943, Carlson and 222 marines left Pearl Harbor and landed on Makin Atoll. After two days of battle, Carlson’s men destroyed the radio station, burned the radio station’s equipment, and captured documents. Thirty marines were among the first to die during the Battle of Tarawa. As a result of this raid, the Japanese fortified the Gilbert Islands.

On 4 November 1943, the Raiders landed on Guadalcanal. During the next 30 days, Carlson’s man killed over 500 enemy soldiers and only lost 17. Carlson had been wounded and was forced to return to the United States for medical treatment.

Carlson’s superiors expressed concern about his unorthodox tactics and ideas. They were also concerned about his relatively close relationship with Agnes Smedley. This radical journalist was involved in campaigning for USA support of communist forces in China to help them defeat the Japanese Army in Asia.

In May of 1943, Carlson was promoted to be the Raider Regiment’s executive officer and was stripped of the direct command of his battalion during the Guadalcanal campaign. Carlson was also upset with his superiors by becoming involved in a controversial project of publishing pamphlets on the contribution of the Afro-Americans in the war. Carlson eventually returned to action in November 1943 at the battle of Tarawa. On Saipan, he received severe wounds when trying to rescue a radio operator who the Japanese had shot.

Carlson eventually returned to action at Tarawa in November 1943. During the Battle of Saipan, he was injured while rescuing a radio operator who the Japanese had shot. Being injured caused him to have to retire from the United States Marines after the war.

warfarehistorynetwork.com/2015/07/27/evans-carlson-forms-carlsons-raiders

Here is the movie:

Help Bree Jordan Fight Breast Cancer

Sunday, February 28th, 2021

Bree Johnson is the wife of an RCMP officer who is fighting for her life. Facing metastatic breast cancer, this wife and mother’s only hope for survival is a new treatment here in the United States.

Cancer doesn’t care where you live and every promising treatment isn’t covered by every insurance. Any one of us could end up facing similar circumstances. This family is willing to do what it takes to save her life. Support that effort if you can.

Let’s focus on positivity. Please don’t use this tragedy to further political agendas on this platform. The family doesn’t deserve it.

To help, visit the gofundme page.

Directed Energy Combined Test Force Oversees Testing of Anti-Drone Weapon

Sunday, February 28th, 2021

KIRTLAND AIR FORCE BASE, N.M. (AFNS) —

Throughout 2020, the 704th Test Group’s Operating Location-AA, part of the Directed Energy Combined Test Force, or DE CTF, focused much of its effort on the testing of weapons designed to prevent adversarial drone observation and assault.

The latest system tested, the High Energy Laser Weapon System 2, also known as HELWS2 or H2, is a counter-Unmanned Aerial System (c-UAS) directed energy weapon (DEW).

H2 was tested as part of a directed energy experiment that began in the spring of 2020 and was managed by the Strategic Development Planning & Experimentation, or SDPE, office. This experiment has involved taking commercial off-the-shelf systems and deploying them to several combatant commands, or COCOMs, for training, testing and evaluation for a one-year period.

“This experiment has many notable U.S. Air Force firsts, including the complete training of and operation of the system by Security Forces Airmen, the first directed energy c-UAS capability, and the first integration with a base,” said Lt. Col. Jared Rupp, DE CTF director. “Additionally, these locations were selected as to significantly enhance c-UAS capability through the use of these DEWs, helping to prevent enemy airborne intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR), and attacks.”

Raytheon Intelligence & Space developed the H2 with lessons learned from the deployment of its first HELWS, referred to as H1 and deployed in early 2020. The H2 system features a number of improvements including ruggedized enhancements to ensure transportability and survivability in a wide range of operational environments, a new beam director for more accurate targeting, and a robust power system for additional magazine depth.

The DE CTF is a combination of Air Force Research Laboratory DE Directorate (AFRL/RD), 704th Test Group Operation Location-AA and Air Force Operational Test & Evaluation Center (AFOTEC) personnel co-located at Kirtland Air Force Base. The 704th Test Group is an operating unit of Arnold Engineering Development Complex, headquartered at Arnold Air Force Base, Tennessee.

The DE CTF is uniquely postured to accelerate fledgling systems to the warfighters through its three members by leveraging decades of directed energy lab experience and resources; developmental test planning, execution and reporting; and operational insight and relevancy.

Since it was formed in 2018, the DE CTF has been engaged in multiple experiments and will lead the directed energy c-UAS prototype testing and other program of record efforts in the near future.

The first phase of H2 testing, which took place at the end of July 2020, was a limited weeklong test to ensure basic functionality and lethality and to determine whether the system was ready to enter the second phase of testing.

This second phase involved deployment to a COCOM base and included H2 setup, operator training and an initial performance assessment. The system and team, consisting of members from AFRL/RD, 704th Test Group, AFOTEC, SDPE and Raytheon, were overseas for this phase at the beginning of September 2020.

“The first phase proved that H2 was capable of integrating with a fielded radar and fielded command and control system, and it completed the kill chain by shooting down UASs at operationally-relevant ranges,” Rupp said. “It was then successfully deployed and integrated overseas.”

Because the HELWS systems represent a new class of weapons, there was not yet official training, concept of operations or tactics, techniques or procedures for the H2. Rupp said those involved in its testing developed guidance for utilization of the weapon.

“This experiment has gained knowledge to build a basis of integrating DEWs through U.S. Air Force operations,” Rupp said. “The DE CTF and SDPE created the training for the first-ever Security Forces operators to operate this highly-technical DEW. We educated base leadership of the capabilities and limitations of these weapons to enable them to make proper decisions, such as engagement authorities. We also assessed the performance of the system after overseas transport and setup and monitored the daily operation of the system to determine what factors impact operations the most and what parts of the system were most vulnerable to reliability problems.”

More work involving the H2 is upcoming for the DE CTF. Another assessment of the system will be conducted around six to 12 months after the initial assessment.

“At the end of the one-year evaluation period, the COCOMs decide whether they will take ownership of the sustainability of the system or whether they want us to take the system back,” Rupp said.

The experimentation campaign initiated this past spring is ongoing. Five DEWs were to be tested throughout the effort – three versions of the HELWS and two different high-power microwave systems. Four systems were tested in 2020, three of which have been deployed.

By Bradley Hicks, Arnold Engineering Development Complex Public Affairs

Dark Storm Industries Unveils the DS-25 Typhoon Sport Utility Rifle

Sunday, February 28th, 2021

Oakdale, N.Y. – Dark Storm Industries LLC (DSI), a New York based firearms manufacturer known for innovation in design and performance, is excited to announce the DS-25 Typhoon Sport Utility Rifle.

The new .308 DS-25 Sport Utility Rifle utilizes several AR-15 based parts, making it one of the lightest and most compact .308 semi-automatic rifles on the market today. The DS-25 is available in configurations for all 50 states.

Heavy hitting, Lightweight

“Six years in development, our goal for the DS-25 was to combine the range and stopping power of the .308 Winchester cartridge used in the AR-10, with the light weight and maneuverability of the AR-15 platform.” said Ed Newman, co-owner of DSI.  “Weighing only 6.7 pounds, the DS-25 Typhoon could be the lightest .308 semi-automatic rifle ever.” Mr. Newman continued.

The DS-25 Typhoon shares its feature set with the popular DS-15 Typhoon.  Based on a billet 7075 aluminum upper and lower receiver set with a nitride 4150 barrel, the Typhoon also includes a free float M-Lok handguard, as well as ambidextrous charging handle and safety selector.  The barrel and handguard length, grip, and stock/brace vary by configuration.

“The .308’s range and stopping power when combined with the compact size and weight of the DS-25 make it the perfect solution for both sporting uses such as a day at the range, as well as utility needs like hunting and defense.” said Mr. Newman.  “The mid-length gas system, paired with the reduced reciprocated weight of the AR-15 sized BCG and buffer, really reduce the recoil to near 5.56 levels.”

Configurations for All 50 States

The DS-25 will be available in four different configurations. The standard rifle includes a 16” 1:10 twist mid-length barrel along with a Hogue over-molded rubber grip and adjustable stock.  The firearm non-NFA with its shorter 12.5” barrel, front vertical grip, and SBA3 brace brings the .308 cartridge into the sub-compact “truck gun” market. DSI will also offer the DS-25 Typhoon in a fixed magazine iteration for states such as New York and California, as well as post ban for New Jersey.

“Dark Storm has always gone to great lengths to ensure that anyone who wants one of our guns has a configuration that keeps them within the confines of their respective state laws. The DS-25 is no exception,” said Mr. Newman.

More to Come

“We expect to begin shipping production DS-25 firearms late summer.” said Mr. Newman.  “We also recognize that not everyone wants to buy a complete gun. Assembling your own custom rifle is at the heart of America’s AR market. As such, we will be offering a builder’s kit which will include the DS-25 upper, lower, barrel, BCG, and buffer tube.  Customers can then assemble their own unique version using standard AR-15 components,” continued Mr. Newman. “One of the key focuses during the development of the DS-25 was designing it to utilize as many standard AR-15 components as possible.”

The DS-25 builder’s kit can be completed using an AR-15 handguard, AR-15 lower parts kit including takedown and pivot pins, bolt catch, as well as a standard AR-15 3.0oz carbine buffer system.

Jacobite Solutions – Button Up Pouch

Saturday, February 27th, 2021

A simple device, the Button Up Pouch uses the button fly common on many brands of jeans, offering a small storage solution.

jacobitesolutions.co.uk

Paratore Enterprises, Inc Receives Aerospace and Defense Review Award Naming It A Top Aerospace And Defense Consultancy Of 2021

Saturday, February 27th, 2021

(Wellington, FL, February 18, 2021) – Paratore Enterprises, Inc, a Florida company, is proud to announce it has been awarded the 2021 Top Ten Defense Consultancy Award of Excellence by Aerospace and Defense Review.

Headquartered in Wellington, FL, Paratore Enterprises, Inc, despite the hardships caused by the Covid 19 crisis, has been able to continue to help manufacturers grow while expanding its own team of local professionals. With over 70 years of experience working in defense and law enforcement distribution in various capacities, Paratore Enterprises helps manufacturers and companies access the U.S. federal government and law enforcement space throughout the country. The Aerospace and Defense Review Award recognizes Paratore Enterprises’ three-tiered relationships: with worldwide manufacturers, a vast reseller network and end users in multiple verticals. This difference in approach allows Paratore Enterprises to provide organizations with the know-how to sell their products to the U.S. government, military, law enforcement agencies, and OGAs.

“We go beyond the scope of a regular consultancy and become an extension of our client’s sales, marketing, product, and engineering teams. We help them demonstrate their product to government organizations, represent them at various trade shows, and visit government agencies on their behalf,” mentions Dalia Paratore, President and Founder of Paratore Enterprises. Dalia brings years of expertise in helping companies with professional development, industry best practices, communicating brand/content and messaging, and improving outreach. Paratore Enterprises brings all this experience to bear in all its client interactions, helping them achieve their goals.

“In order to understand the requirements of prospective clients, we communicate with them extensively before onboarding them,” says Chris Harrison, Vice President of Paratore Enterprises. Through a collaborative approach, the team at Paratore Enterprises ensures that their clients get better returns on their investment.

Canadian Department of National Defence Releases Draft Tender for C22 Modular Pistol

Saturday, February 27th, 2021

Canada’s Department of National Defence has released a long overdue Draft Tender for the C22 Modular Pistol which is a 9mm striker fired, semi-automatic, recoil-operated, magazine fed pistol to replace their long serving Browning Hi-Powers.

Here is the tender’s definition of modular:

According to the draft, they are seeking a full sized pistol, with three grip sized housings: small, medium and large. This requirement can be achieved by offering a single frame with small, medium and large backstraps.

They also seek different models of right and left hand Level 2 polymer holsters for the pistol.

Here’s a smattering of requirements:

DND expects a 35,000 service life, with a mean rounds between stoppages rating of 2,000 rounds for Class 1 stoppages, 2,000 rounds for Class 2 stoppages, and 5,000 rounds for Class 3 stoppages.

The C22 FF pistol must be operable and able to fire three full magazines in 60 seconds without cooling the pistol.

The C22 FF pistol must have a separately demandable replacement slide configured to mount commercially available reflex/red dot sight (e.g. Leupold DeltaPoint® Pro, Trijicon RMR® or similar) at the rear of the slide in front of the rear sights.

The pistol must be Flat Dark Earth in color and offer a 17 round magazine.

In addition to offering a threaded barrel, the vendor must also offer a suppressor that can achieve an 18 dB noise reduction.

Yes, DND also has a drop test requirement, which is the same one used by US DoD:

The C22 FF pistol in its operational state (full magazine with a primed cartridge in the chamber) must not discharge when dropped 1.5 m, onto a concrete backed, 5 cm thick plywood surface, IAW TOP 03-2-045A section 4.8.2 1.5 Meter (5 Feet) Drop or AC/225(LG/3-SG/1)D/14 section 2.10.8 Safety Drop Test 1.5 Meter or an alternative test approved by the technical authority using the following drop orientations:

Muzzle Down: Muzzle must be the closest part of the pistol to the concrete floor;

Muzzle Up: Muzzle must be the farthest part of the pistol to the concrete floor;

Slide Up (Horizontal); Top of the slide must be the farthest part of the pistol to the concrete floor;

Slide Down (Horizontal): Top of the slide must be the closest part of the pistol to the concrete floor;

Right Side (Horizontal): Right side of the pistol must be oriented as the closest part of the pistol to the concrete floor;

Left Side (Horizontal): Left side of the pistol must be oriented as the closest part of the pistol to the concrete floor.

After each drop (3.21.1.1-3.21.1.6) each pistol must fire 15 rounds of ammunition.

Overall, it sounds an awful lot like the US issue Modular Handgun System which is manufactured by SIG SAUER.

Industry insiders expect pushback on the module requirement which can only be fulfilled by a couple of vendors such as SIG and Walther. Particularly after the SIG P320 was recently withdrawn from service by Canadian Special Operations Command (CANSOF). However, this draft tender was released after the CANSOF incident came to light, indicating DND is dedicated to obtaining a modular pistol.